1. US Department of Health and Human Services. Reducing the Health Consequences of Smoking: 25 years of progress. A report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, Maryland: US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health. DHHS Publication No (CDC)89-8411, 1989.
2. Gray N, Daube M (eds). Guidelines for smoking control (2nd Edition), UICC Technical Report Series, Volume 52. Geneva: UICC, 1980.
3. Warner KE. Cigarette Taxation: doing good by doing well. Journal of Public Health Policy. 1984 September: 312-318.
4. The Cigarette Excise Tax, April 17, 1985. Smoking Behaviour and Policy Conference Series. Harvard University Institute for the Study of Smoking Behaviour and Policy. Cambridge: John F Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, 1985.
5. Alexander HM, Callcott R, Dobson AJ et al. Cigarette smoking and drug use in schoolchildren: IV -- Factors associated with changes in smoking behaviour. Int J Epidemiol 1983; 12: 59-66.
6. Hewit EM, Hyland A etal. Price, public policy, and smoking in young people. Tobacco Control 1997; 6 (supp12); S17-S24.
7. Commonwealth of Australia. Excise Tarrif Amendment Act (No 5) 1997. No 182, 1997, Schedule 1, amending items 6, 7 and 8 of the Schedule to the Excise Tarrif Act 1921.
8. Victorian Smoking and Health Program. Model to predict cigarette prices, taxes, revenue yields and consumption impact, Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, Melbourne 1998.
9. Australian Bureau of statistics. Consumer Price Index June Quarter 1998, Catalogue No 6401.0, Canberra, July 1998.
10. Anonymous. Cigarette price listings. The Australian Retail Tobacconist 1998 August: 10-15
11. Department of Customs and Excise. Inquiry into excise control procedures. A brief history of Australian customs activities prior to Federation. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia, June 1965. Also: Department of Customs and Excise. Australian Excise Tariff History (since 1901).
12. Commonwealth of Australia. Excise Act 1901
13. Commonwealth of Australia. Customs Act 1901
14. Commonwealth of Australia. Excise Tariff Act 1921
15. Commonwealth of Australia. Excise Tariff Amenment Act 1983. No 27 1983, Section 6.4b.
16. Australian Tobacco Marketing Advisory Committee Annual Report 1994. Year ended 31 December 1994 regarding the operation of the Tobacco Marketing Act 1965. Canberra: Canberra Times Fine Print, 1995.
17. Australian Customs Service, Personal Communication, August 1998.
18. Industry Commission. The tobacco growing and manufacturing industries. Report No 39, 29 June 1994. Canberra: Australian Government Publishing Service, 1994.
19. Dawkins J. Budget Speech 1992-93, Commonwealth of Australia. August 1992.
20. Dawkins J. Budget Speech 1993-94, Commonwealth of Australia. August 1993.
21. Willis R. Budget Speech 1994-95 Commonwealth of Australia, May 1994
28. Victorian Government, Business Franchise (Tobacco) Act 1974.
29. (SA) Business Franchise (Tobacco) Act 1974 (replaced by Tobacco Products (Licencing) Act 1986, and finally by the Tobacco Products Regulations Act 1997.
30. (NSW) Business Franchise (Tobacco) Act 1975 (replaced by 1987 Act of the same name).
31. (WA) Business Franchise (Tobacco) Act 1975.
32. (ACT) Business Franchise (Tobacco) Act 19780.
33. (NT) Business Franchise (Tobacco) Act 1981.
34. (TAS) Business Franchise Licences Act 1980.
35. (QLD) Tobacco Products (Licencing) Act 1988.
36. Anonymous. Cigarette price listings. The Australian Retail Tobacconist August issues 1995 to 1997.
37. Anstat Pty Ltd. Update Bulletin - March 1996, Business Franchise (Tobacco and Petroleum Products) regulations 1992/132.
40. Dunning R. Smokers fume over rising prices. Price Probe 1991; June Quarter: 7.
41. Hill D and White V. Prevalence of cigarette smoking among Australian secondary school students in 1996 Melbourne: Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, in submission 1998.
42. National Crime Authority Internal Report December 1991
43. Francey N. Memorandum to the Victorian Smoking and Health Program Ngo Ngo Ha and Anor vs State of NSW & Ors; Walter Hammond & Associates Pty Ltd vs State of NSW & Ors, Wentworth Charles 8 July 1997.
44. Australian Bureau of Statistics.
45. Beriot C. Tobacco prices, taxes and consumption in Australia. Melbourne: Victorian Smoking and Health Program 1993.
46. Anonymous. Cigarette price listings. The Australian Retail Tobacconist, June issues 1948, 50, 55, 60, 65, 70, 75, 80, 85, 90, 98.
48. Victorian Office of Prices. Does smoking make cents? An Australian study of the relationship between cigarette pricing, consumption and health costs. Melbourne: Victorian Office of Prices, April 1990.
49. Prices Surveillance Authority. Report No 52 -- Inquiry into the cigarettes declaration. Matter No: PI/94/1. Canberra: Prices Surveillance Authority 1994 5 September.
50. Canadian Non-Smokers' Rights Association. Average retail selling price and total tax incidence for a pack of 20 cigarettes in various countries. Ottawa: Non-Smokers' Rights Association, 22 March 1995.
51. Scollo M. Unpublished data. Victorian Smoking and Health Program, Melbourne: VSHP 1995.
52. Sweanor D. 'Time for a change' in US tobacco tax policy [Editorial]. Tobacco Control 1993; 2: 1-2.
53. Warner KE. Higher excise taxes prove most effective weapon in tobacco control arsenal. ACS GLOBALink Action Alert 1991 August 19.
54. Townsend J, Roderick P, Cooper J. Cigarette smoking by socioeconomic group, sex and age: effects of price, income and health publicity. Br Med J 1994; 309: 923-927.
55. Warner KE. Tobacco taxation and economic effects of declining tobacco consumption. In: Durston B, Jamrozik K (eds). Tobacco and Health 1990 -- The Global War. Proceedings of the Seventh World Conference on Tobacco and Health, 1-5 April 1990. Perth: Health Department of Western Australia, 1990: 81-87.
56. Australian Council on Smoking and Health et al. Proposal to increase excise on tobacco. A submission to the Australian Federal Government. Co-ordinating organisation: Australian Council on Smoking and Health. Perth: Australian Council on Smoking and Health, 1990.
58. Australian Council on Smoking and Health et al. Tobacco Taxes: a case for action. A submission to the Australian Federal Government. Co-ordinating organisation: Australian Council on Smoking and Health. Perth: Australian Council on Smoking and Health, 1992.
60. Australian Council on Smoking and Health et al. Tobacco excise duties. Submission to the Australian Federal Government. Co-ordinating organisation: Australian Council on Smoking and Health. Perth: Australian Council on Smoking and Health, 1994.
69. Dodd T. Less weight for food prices in revised CPI. Australian Financial Review 1992 September 30: 4.
70. BASP (European Bureau for Action on Smoking Prevention). Taxes on tobacco products -- a health issue. Brussels: European Bureau for Action on Smoking Prevention, 1992.
71. Godfrey C, Maynard A. Economic aspects of tobacco use and taxation policy. Br Med J 1988; 297: 339-343.
72. Tobacco Institute of Australia. A profile of household expenditure on tobacco products. Sydney: Tobacco Institute of Australia, September 1992.
73. Rothmans of Pall Mall (Australia) Limited. Submission to the Industry Commission Inquiry into the Tobacco Growing and Manufacturing Industries. North Sydney: Rothmans of Pall Mall (Australia) Limited, 1994 February.
74. Philip Morris. Tobacco and Australia: A question of balance. Submission to the Industry Commission Inquiry into the Tobacco Growing and Manufacturing Industries. Melbourne: Philip Morris, 1994.
75. Kaiserman MJ, Rogers B. Tobacco consumption declining faster in Canada than in the US. Am J Public Health 1991; 81: 902-904.
76. Anonymous. Canada: 100g tobacco = 200 low-cost smokes. World Tobacco 1990 September: 10.
77. Anonymous. Canada: Sticks' tax edge threatened. World Tobacco 1991 July: 11.
78. Anonymous. Amateur growers. World Tobacco 1991 July: 102.
79. Example of press advertisement: The (Adelaide) News 1991 August 13: 11.
80. Harman A. Industry launches massive consumer write-in protest. Tobacco Reporter 1991 July: 40, 44.
81. Chadha KK. Smokers' voices heard in Hong Kong. Tobacco Reporter 1991 July: 40, 42.
82. Heady B, Holmstrom E, Wearing A. Government taxes and expenditures: what does the public want? Melbourne: University of Melbourne, March 1985.
83. Hill D. Public opinion on tobacco advertising, sports sponsorships and taxation prior to the Victorian Tobacco Act, 1987. Community Health Stud 1988; XII: 282-288.
84. Steel K. 2.8 million electors approve of changes in law [Media release]. NSW State Cancer Council, July 31, 1988.
85. Vernon-Roberts B. Morgan Gallup poll on smoking issues in South Australia [Media release]. Anti-Cancer Foundation of the Universities of South Australia, 13 January, 1988.
86. Morgan research commissioned by ASH (Australia) [unpublished] on behalf of the Tasmanian Cancer Committee, August, 1989.
87. Brien G. Queenslanders demand action on cigarettes [Media release]. Queensland Cancer Fund, National Heart Foundation and Drug Arm, July 18, 1990.
88. Woollard K (Australian Medical Association) and Walker N (Australian Council on Smoking and Health). Media Release. Perth: Australian Medical Association, 1993 May 27.
89. Borland R and Boulter J. Public Opinion about use of Tobacco Taxes for Tobacco Control and other issues. Centre for Behavioural Research in Cancer, Anti-Cancer Council of Victoria, April 1998.