Tobacco In Australia Book

Tobacco in Australia 

A comprehensive review of the major issues in smoking and health in Australia, compiled by the Cancer Council Victoria. Production of editions 2 to 4 of this publication has been funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing. Ongoing updating is also being funded by the Australian Government Department of Health, with contributions from Cancer Councils in all states and territories. 

This work has been produced with the objective of bringing about a reduction in death and disease caused by tobacco use. Much of it has been derived from other published sources and these should be quoted where appropriate. The text may be freely reproduced and figures and graphs (except where reproduced from other sources) may be used, giving appropriate acknowledgement to Cancer Council Victoria.

Editors and authors of this work have tried to ensure that the text is free from errors or inconsistencies. However in a resource of this size it is probable that some irregularities remain. Please notify Cancer Council Victoria if you become aware of matters in the text that require correction.

Suggested citation

Scollo, MM and Winstanley, MH. Tobacco in Australia: Facts and issues. Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria; 2018. Available from


<Author(s) of relevant chapter section>, <Name of chapter section> in Scollo, MM and Winstanley, MH [editors]. Tobacco in Australia: Facts and issues. Melbourne: Cancer Council Victoria; <Date last updated>. Available from <url of relevant chapter or section>

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What's new in Tobacco in Australia: Facts & issues?

  • Section 18B.8 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Legal status in Australia: updated March 2019
  • Section 5.1 Stages in the uptake of smoking; Section 5.2 Factors influencing uptake by young people: overview; and Section 5.3 Early biological factors: updated February 2019 
  • Section 10.7 Market share and brand share in Australia: updated February 2019, including a comprehensive list of factory-made cigarettes and roll-your-own tobacco products available for sale at major Australian retailers
  • Section 10A.7 Mechanisms of influence—political lobbying: updated February 2019
  • Section 11.11 Internet promotion: updated February 2019
  • Section 18B.11 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Public perceptions of e-cigarettes: updated February 2019
  • Section 18B.9 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): International regulatory review and Section 18B.10 Key Australian and international position statements on e-cigarettes, health, and options for regulation: updated February 2019
  • Section 1.3 Prevalence of smoking—adults: updated February 2019
  • Section 18B.7 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Potential positive impacts: updated January 2019
  • Section 18B.1 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes):The e-cigarette market and Section 18B.2 Advertising and promotion: updated January 2019
  • Section 13.2 Tobacco taxes in Australia: updated November 2018
  • Section 18B.5 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Health risks of e-cigarettes and Section 18B.6 Potential negative impacts: updated November 2018
  • **New InDepth** 11A Packaging as promotion: Evidence for and effects of plain packaging: published November 2018
  • Section 9.9 Are there inequalities in access to and use of treatment for dependence on tobacco-delivered nicotine?: updated November 2018
  • Section 8.3 Prevalence of tobacco use among Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islanders: updated October 2018
  • Section 7.16 Pharmacotherapies: updated October 2018
  • Section 18B.3 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Extent of use and Section 18B.4 Safety and abuse potential: updated October 2018
  • Section 10.17 Public attitudes to the tobacco industry: updated October 2018
  • Section 11.4 State and territory legislation: updated September 2018
  • Section 11.9 Retail promotion and access: updated September 2018
  • Section 5.21 Reducing tobacco and supply: updated September 2018
  • Section 18.4 Low nicotine - nicotine reduction: updated September 2018
  • Chapter 19 The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: updated September 2018
  • Section 8.3.5  Prevalence of smoking among pregnant Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women: updated September 2018
  • Section 7.11.2 Rates of smoking during pregnancy: updated September 2018
  • Section 1.10.1 Smoking in pregnancy: updated September 2018
  • Section 15.9 Effectiveness of smokefree legislation in reducing exposure to tobacco toxins, improving health, and changing smoking behaviours: updated June 2018
  • Section 8.3 Prevalence of tobacco use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: updated June 2018
  • Section 1.3 Prevalence of smoking—adults: updated June 2018
  • **New sections** 16.4 Criminal cases against the tobacco industry and 16.5 Legal cases initiated by tobacco industry: published May 2018
  • **New InDepth** InDepth 10A Tobacco industry: Strategies for influence; and Section 10.18 The investment of public funds in tobacco—the case for divestment: published May 2018
  • Sections 10.17 Public attitudes to the tobacco industry; and 10.19 The future of the tobacco industry: updated May 2018 
  • Section 8.7 Morbidity and mortality caused by smoking among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples: updated May 2018
  • Section 5.21 Reducing tobacco access and supply: updated May 2018
  • Section 13.2 Tobacco taxes in Australia: updated March 2018
  • Section 7.12 Smoking and mental health: updated March 2018
  • Section 11.10.9 Plain packaging: International flow-on effects: updated April 2018
  • **New chapter** InDepth 18C Heated tobacco (‘heat-not-burn’) products: published March 2018
  • Section 10.20 Tobacco industry intervention in political and judicial processes—political donations: updated March 2018
  • Chapter 6 Addiction: updated March 2018
  • Section 9.1 Socio-economic position and disparities in tobacco exposure and use and Section 9.2 Socio-economic disparities in tobacco exposure and use: are the gaps widening?: updated January 2018
  • Section 7.6 How smokers go about quitting: updated January 2018
  • Section 2.3 Self-reported measures of tobacco consumption: updated December 2017
  • Chapter 1 Prevalence (including an analysis of NDSHS data for detailed prevalence figures and trends only available in Facts & Issues): updated December 2017
  • Sections 10.1 The tobacco growing industry; 10.2 The global tobacco manufacturing industry; 10.3 The manufacturing and wholesaling industry in Australia—major international companies; 10.4 Other importers operating in the Australian market; 10.6 Retail value and volume of the Australian tobacco market; and 10.7 Market share and brand share in Australia: updated November 2017
  • New section: 10.5 Retailing of tobacco products in Australia: published November 2017
  • Section 3.30 Total burden of death and disease attributable to tobacco by disease category: updated November 2017
  • Section 10.15 Ethical issues related to farming: updated August 2017
  • Section 18B.2 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Advertising and promotion and Section 18B.11 Public perceptions of e-cigarettes: updated November 2017
  • Section 18B.1 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): The e-cigarette market: updated October 2017
  • Appendix 1.4 Australian and state/territory tobacco control strategies: updated October 2017
  • Section 13.3 The price of tobacco products in Australia: updated September 2017
  • Section 10.8 Trends in products and packaging and Section 10.9 Brand portfolio strategies in the Australia market: updated September 2017
  • Section 18B.4 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Safety and abuse potential and Section 18B.9 International regulatory overview: updated September 2017
  • Section 18B.3 Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes): Extent of use and Section 18B.8 Legal status: updated August 2017
  • Table 15.7.10 Smokefree legislation in Australian states and territories: updated July 2017
  • Section 10.10 Tobacco industry document repositories: updated July 2017
  • Section 10.12 Revised stance on health issues: updated July 2017
  • Section 1.11 Prevalence of use of different types of tobacco products: updated June 2017
  • Sections 1.4  and 1.5 Prevalence of smoking, current prevalence in adults, young adults and older adults: updated June 2017
  • Section 15.4 Smoking bans in key public areas and environments: updated January 2017
  • Section 15.6 Smoking bans in domestic environments: updated January 2017
  • Chapter 4 The health effects of secondhand smoke: last updated January 2017
  • Section 13.6 Revenue from tobacco taxes in Australia: updated December 2016
  • Chapter 9 Smoking and social disadvantage: last updated December 2016
  • Section 10.14 The environmental impact of tobacco production and Section 10.16 The environmental impact of tobacco use: last updated December 2016
  • A comprehensive timeline of the history of tobacco in Australia: published December 2016
  • New section: 11.10.13 Effects of plain packaging in Australia post-implementation: published November 2016
  • Chapter 7 Smoking cessation: last updated October 2016
  • Section 15.7 Commonwealth and state/territory legislation to ban smoking in public spaces: last updated October 2016
  • Commonwealth and state/territory legislation on tobacco advertising & promotion: last updated October 2016
  • Chapter 8 Tobacco use among Aboriginal peoples and Torres Strait Islanders: last updated September 2016
  • **New chapter** Chapter 18: Potential for harm reduction in tobacco control (includes e-cigarettes): published August 2016
  • Section 11.9 Retail promotion and access: last updated and significantly expanded April 2016
  • Chapter 1 Prevalence (including an analysis of NDSHS data for detailed prevalence figures and trends only available in Facts & Issues): last updated December 2015
  • Chapter 3  Health effects of active smoking: last updated May 2015 
  • Links at the end of each section, where recent news and research relevant to each topic is compiled
  • Chapter 5 Influences on the uptake and prevention of smoking: last updated November 2014