1. SCENHIR. Tobacco additives. 2010. Available from: https://ec.europa.eu/health/scientific_committees/opinions_layman/tobacco/en/about.htm#7.
2. Food & Drug Administration. Menthol and other flavors in tobacco products. 2021. Available from: https://www.fda.gov/tobacco-products/products-ingredients-components/menthol-and-other-flavors-tobacco-products.
3. Philip Morris Ltd. Australia ingredients report composite list of tobacco ingredients for reporting period March 1 2019 to March 1 2020. Canberra, Australia 2020. Available from: https://www.health.gov.au/resources/publications/philip-morris-ltd-cigarette-ingredients.
4. Ruff R. Philip Morris Limited (Australia) C.I. report no. 84. Philip Morris 1994. Available from: https://www.industrydocuments.ucsf.edu/tobacco/docs/#id=lycn0130.
5. Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. Menthol cigarettes and public health: Review of the scientific evidence and recommendations. FDA, 2011. Available from: https://wayback.archive-it.org/7993/20170405201731/https:/www.fda.gov/downloads/AdvisoryCommittees/CommitteesMeetingMaterials/TobaccoProductsScientificAdvisoryCommittee/UCM269697.pdf.
6. US Department of Health and Human Services, The health consequences of smoking - 50 years of progress: A report of the Surgeon General. Atlanta GA: US Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Office on Smoking and Health 2014. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24455788.
7. Wagener TL. Addiction and behavior related to menthol cigarette substitutes. 2018. Available from: https://reporter.nih.gov/search/GTOSOJZaMUaff3XjEeXCUg/project-details/9991276.
8. Martin T. Bidi cigarette risks. Verywellmind, 2021. Available from: https://www.verywellmind.com/are-bidi-cigarettes-safe-to-smoke-2825285.
9. Picanco JM, Limberger RP, and Apel MA. The risk associated to the lack of information about clove cigarettes. Biomedical Journal of Scientific and Technical Research, 2019; 18(5):13863-5. Available from: https://biomedres.us/pdfs/BJSTR.MS.ID.003205.pdf
10. Gardiner PS. The African Americanization of menthol cigarette use in the United States. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2004; 6 Suppl 1(suppl. 1):S55-65. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14982709
11. Market Science Associates Inc. The growth of menthols 330000-770000. Brown & Williamson Records 1996. Available from: https://www.industrydocuments.ucsf.edu/docs/pzkj0136.
12. Sutton CD and Robinson RG. The marketing of menthol cigarettes in the United States: populations, messages, and channels. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2004; 6 Suppl 1(suppl. 1):S83-91. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14982711
13. Kuiper NM, Gammon D, Loomis B, Falvey K, Wang TW, et al. Trends in sales of flavored and menthol tobacco products in the United States during 2011-2015. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2018; 20(6):698-706. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28575408
14. Wickham RJ. The biological impact of menthol on tobacco dependence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2020; 22(10):1676-84. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31867627
15. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Preliminary scientific evaluation of the possible public health effects of menthol versus nonmenthol cigarettes. Silver Spring, MD: Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration, 2013. Available from: https://www.fda.gov/media/86497/download.
16. Villanti AC, Collins LK, Niaura RS, Gagosian SY, and Abrams DB. Menthol cigarettes and the public health standard: a systematic review. BMC Public Health, 2017; 17(1):983. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29284458
17. Smith PH, Assefa B, Kainth S, Salas-Ramirez KY, McKee SA, et al. Use of mentholated cigarettes and likelihood of smoking cessation in the United States: A meta-analysis. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2020; 22(3):307-16. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31204787
18. Brody AL, Mukhin AG, La Charite J, Ta K, Farahi J, et al. Up-regulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in menthol cigarette smokers. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2013; 16(5):957-66. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23171716
19. Henderson BJ, Wall TR, Henley BM, Kim CH, Nichols WA, et al. Menthol alone upregulates midbrain nAChRs, alters nAChR subtype stoichiometry, alters dopamine neuron firing frequency, and prevents nicotine reward. Journal of Neuroscience, 2016; 36(10):2957-74. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26961950
20. Wickham RJ. How menthol alters tobacco-smoking behavior: A biological perspective. Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine, 2015; 88(3):279-87. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26339211
21. Fagan P, Pokhrel P, Herzog TA, Pagano IS, Franke AA, et al. Nicotine Metabolism in Young Adult Daily Menthol and Nonmenthol Smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2016; 18(4):437-46. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25995160
22. Lerman C, Tyndale R, Patterson F, Wileyto EP, Shields PG, et al. Nicotine metabolite ratio predicts efficacy of transdermal nicotine for smoking cessation. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2006; 79(6):600-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16765148
23. Johnstone E, Benowitz N, Cargill A, Jacob R, Hinks L, et al. Determinants of the rate of nicotine metabolism and effects on smoking behavior. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 2006; 80(4):319-30. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17015050
24. Garten S and Falkner RV. Role of mentholated cigarettes in increased nicotine dependence and greater risk of tobacco-attributable disease. Preventive Medicine, 2004; 38(6):793-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15193900
25. European Union. Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council, in (April):1-382014, Official Journal of the European Union. Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex%3A32014L0040.
26. Tobacco Control Legal Consortium. Tobacco product standards, federal regulation of tobacco: A summary. 2009. Available from: https://www.publichealthlawcenter.org/sites/default/files/fda-2007-2.pdf.
27. Tiedemann M and Wall T. 40th Parliament, 2nd Session. Legislative summary of bill C-32: An act to amend the Tobacco Act. 2009. Available from: https://lop.parl.ca/sites/PublicWebsite/default/en_CA/ResearchPublications/LegislativeSummaries/402LS648E#flavoured.
28. Ahijevich K and Garrett B. Menthol pharmacology and its potential impact on cigarette smoking behaviour. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2004; 6(suppl.1):s17-s28. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/14982706/
29. Kreslake JM, Wayne GF, and Connolly GN. The menthol smoker: tobacco industry research on consumer sensory perception of menthol cigarettes and its role in smoking behavior. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2008; 10(4):705-15. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18418792
30. Food & Drug Administration. Preliminary scientific evaluation of the possible public health effects of menthol versus nonmenthol cigarettes. Silver Spring, MD, USA: Center for Tobacco Products, Food and Drug Administration, 2013. Available from: https://www.fda.gov/media/86497/download.
31. Le TT and Mendez D. An estimation of the harm of menthol cigarettes in the United States from 1980 to 2018. Tobacco Control, 2021. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33632809
32. Mendiondo MS, Alexander LA, and Crawford T. Health profile differences for menthol and non-menthol smokers: findings from the National Health Interview Survey. Addiction, 2010; 105 Suppl 1:124-40. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21059143
33. Wang Y, Watkins SL, Sung HY, Yao T, Lightwood J, et al. Health care utilization of menthol and non-menthol cigarette smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2021; 23(1):195-202. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32623471
34. Munro HM, Tarone RE, Wang TJ, and Blot WJ. Menthol and nonmenthol cigarette smoking: All-cause deaths, cardiovascular disease deaths, and other causes of death among blacks and whites. Circulation, 2016; 133(19):1861-6. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27022064
35. Chopyk J, Chattopadhyay S, Kulkarni P, Claye E, Babik KR, et al. Mentholation affects the cigarette microbiota by selecting for bacteria resistant to harsh environmental conditions and selecting against potential bacterial pathogens. Microbiome, 2017; 5(1):22. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28202080
36. Chattopadhyay S, Malayil L, Mongodin EF, and Sapkota AR. Nicotine concentration and mentholation affect bacterial community diversity in SPECTRUM research cigarettes. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2021; 105(10):4241-53. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33977338
37. Rising J and Alexander L. Marketing of menthol cigarettes and consumer perceptions. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 2011; 9 Suppl 1(Suppl 1):S2. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21624148
38. Mancuso S, Brennan E, Dunstone K, Vittiglia A, Durkin S, et al. Australian smokers' sensory experiences and beliefs associated with menthol and non-menthol cigarettes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2021; 18(11). Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34063735
39. Anderson SJ. Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation behaviour: a review of tobacco industry documents. Tobacco Control, 2011; 20 Suppl 2(suppl. 2):ii49-56. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21504932
40. Anderson SJ. Marketing of menthol cigarettes and consumer perceptions: a review of tobacco industry documents. Tobacco Control, 2011; 20 Suppl 2(suppl. 2):ii20-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21504928
41. Cohn AM, Rose SW, D'Silva J, and Villanti AC. Menthol smoking patterns and smoking perceptions among youth: Findings from the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2019; 56(4):e107-e16. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30898227
42. Ahijevych K and Garrett BE. The role of menthol in cigarettes as a reinforcer of smoking behavior Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2010; 12(suppl. 2):S110–S6. Available from: http://ntr.oxfordjournals.org/content/12/suppl_2/S110.full
43. Richter P, Beistle D, Pederson L, and O'Hegarty M. Small-group discussions on menthol cigarettes: listening to adult African American smokers in Atlanta, Georgia. Ethnicity & Health, 2008; 13(2):171-82. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18425713
44. Wackowski OA, Evans KR, Harrell MB, Loukas A, Lewis MJ, et al. In their own words: young adults’ menthol cigarette initiation, perceptions, experiences and regulation perspectives Nicotine & Tobacco Research 2017. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/ntr/article-abstract/doi/10.1093/ntr/ntx048/3002783/In-Their-Own-Words-Young-Adults-Menthol-Cigarette?redirectedFrom=fulltext
45. Wilson N, Weerasekera D, Peace J, and Edwards R. Smokers have varying misperceptions about the harmfulness of menthol cigarettes: national survey data. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 2011; 35(4):364-7. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21806732
46. Trinidad DR, Pérez-Stable EJ, Messer K, White MM, and Pierce JP. Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Addiction, 2010; 105:84-94. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03187.x
47. Giovino GA, Villanti AC, Mowery PD, Sevilimedu V, Niaura RS, et al. Differential trends in cigarette smoking in the USA: is menthol slowing progress? Tobacco Control, 2015; 24(1):28-37. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23997070
48. Mendez D and Le TTT. Consequences of a match made in hell: the harm caused by menthol smoking to the African American population over 1980-2018. Tobacco Control, 2021. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34535507
49. Smith PH, Akpara E, Haq R, El-Miniawi M, and Thompson AB. Gender and menthol cigarette use in the United States: A systematic review of the recent literature (2011 - May 2017). Current Addiction Reports, 2017; 4(4):431-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29497593
50. Fallin A, Goodin AJ, and King BA. Menthol cigarette smoking among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2015; 48(1):93-7. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25245795
51. RJ Reynolds. PROJECT SCUM. Master Settlement Agreement. . 1995. Available from: https://www.industrydocuments.ucsf.edu/docs/sfck0098.
52. Lee YO and Glantz SA. Menthol: putting the pieces together. Tobacco Control, 2011; 20 Suppl 2(suppl. 2):ii1-7. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21504926
53. Oncken C, Feinn R, Covault J, Duffy V, Dornelas E, et al. Genetic vulnerability to menthol cigarette preference in women. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2015; 17(12):1416-20. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25832883
54. Risso D, Sainz E, Gutierrez J, Kirchner T, Niaura R, et al. Association of TAS2R38 haplotypes and menthol cigarette preference in an African American cohort. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2017; 19(4):493-4. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27733510
55. Kozlitina J, Risso D, Lansu K, Olsen RHJ, Sainz E, et al. An African-specific haplotype in MRGPRX4 is associated with menthol cigarette smoking. PLoS Genetics, 2019; 15(2):e1007916. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30768591
56. Hersey JC, Ng SW, Nonnemaker JM, Mowery P, Thomas KY, et al. Are menthol cigarettes a starter product for youth? Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2006; 8(3):403-13. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16801298
57. Nonnemaker J, Feirman SP, MacMonegle A, Ambrose BK, Jackson KJ, et al. Examining the role of menthol cigarettes in progression to established smoking among youth. Addictive Behaviors, 2019; 98:106045. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31302310
58. Nonnemaker J, Hersey J, Homsi G, Busey A, Allen J, et al. Initiation with menthol cigarettes and youth smoking uptake. Addiction, 2013; 108(1):171-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22862154
59. Cwalina SN, Majmundar A, Unger JB, Barrington-Trimis JL, and Pentz MA. Adolescent menthol cigarette use and risk of nicotine dependence: Findings from the national Population Assessment on Tobacco and Health (PATH) study. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 2020; 206:107715. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31760252
60. Gandhi KK, Foulds J, Steinberg MB, Lu SE, and Williams JM. Lower quit rates among African American and Latino menthol cigarette smokers at a tobacco treatment clinic. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 2009; 63(3):360-7. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19222622
61. Lewis M, Wang Y, and Berg CJ. Tobacco control environment in the United States and individual consumer characteristics in relation to continued smoking: differential responses among menthol smokers? Preventive Medicine, 2014; 65:47-51. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24780527
62. Azagba S, King J, Shan L, and Manzione L. Cigarette smoking behavior among menthol and nonmenthol adolescent smokers. Journal of Adolescent Health, 2020; 66(5):545-50. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31964612
63. Reitzel LR, Nguyen N, Cao Y, Vidrine JI, Daza P, et al. Race/ethnicity moderates the effect of prepartum menthol cigarette use on postpartum smoking abstinence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2011; 13(12):1305-10. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21622498
64. Reitzel LR, Li Y, Stewart DW, Cao Y, Wetter DW, et al. Race moderates the effect of menthol cigarette use on short-term smoking abstinence. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2013; 15(5):883-9. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23288873
65. King B, White V, Balmford J, Cooper J, and Borland R. The decline of menthol cigarette smoking in Australia, 1980-2008. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2012; 14(10):1213-20. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22416116
66. King W, Carter SM, Borland R, Chapman S, and Gray N. The Australian tar derby: the origins and fate of a low tar harm reduction programme. Tobacco Control, 2003; 12 Suppl 3(suppl. 3):iii61-70. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14645950
67. Carter S. Ad watch: Worshipping at the Alpine altar: promoting tobacco in a world without advertising. Tobacco Control, 2001; 10(4):391-3. Available from: http://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/cgi/content/extract/10/4/391
68. Carter SM. Going below the line: creating transportable brands for Australia's dark market. Tobacco Control, 2003; 12 Suppl 3(suppl. 3):iii87-94. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14645953
69. Harper T. Marketing life after advertising bans. Tobacco Control, 2001; 10(2):196-8. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11387544
70. Scully M, Wakefield M, Scollo M, Durkin S, and White V. Prevalence and correlates of flavour capsule cigarette use among Australian adolescents. Health Promotion Journal of Australia, 2022; 33(3):920-5. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34957625
71. Gilbert E and Ewald A. Fresher with flavour: young women smokers' constructions and experiences of menthol capsule cigarettes and regular cigarettes. BMC Womens Health, 2021; 21(1):155. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33863322/
72. World Health Organization. Partial guidelines for implementation of articles 9 and 10 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. 2013. Available from: https://www.who.int/fctc/guidelines/Guideliness_Articles_9_10_rev_240613.pdf.
73. World Health Organization. Report on the scientific basis of tobacco product regulation: Seventh report of a WHO study group. Geneva: WHO, 2019. Available from: https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/who-study-group-on-tobacco-product-regulation-report-on-the-scientific-basis-of-tobacco-product-regulation-seventh-report-of-a-who-study-group.
74. World Health Organization. Advisory note: Banning menthol in tobacco products. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 2016 Available from: http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/205928/1/9789241510332_eng.pdf.
75. World Health Organization (WHO). Case studies for regulatory approaches to tobacco products: menthol in tobacco products. WHO/NMH/PND, 18.1 Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO. 2018. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/260417.
76. Erinoso O, Clegg Smith K, Iacobelli M, Saraf S, Welding K, et al. Global review of tobacco product flavour policies. Tobacco Control, 2020. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32414867
77. Kyriakos CN, Fong GT, de Abreu Perez C, Szklo AS, Driezen P, et al. Brazilian smokers are ready for the ban on flavour additives in tobacco to be implemented. Preventive Medicine, 2022; 160:107074. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35550839
78. Ethiopian Food Medicine and Healthcare Administration and Control Authority. Tobacco Control Directive. 2015. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Ethiopia/Ethiopia%20-%20Tobacco%20Ctrl.%20Dir.%20No.%2028_2015%20-%20national.pdf.
79. Republic of Cape Verde. Law No. 8/X/2022 Defining the general regime for the prevention and control of smoking, 2022. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/cabo-verde/cigarette-contents.
80. Republic of the Congo. Order No. 2853 of May 31, 2022 Banning the manufacture, import, distribution, possession, sale or giveaway of flavor capsule cigarettes, cigarettes with characterizing flavors, and shisha, 2022, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Congo. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/congo/cigarette-contents?row=1224817.
81. Erku DA and Tesfaye ET. Tobacco control and prevention efforts in Ethiopia pre- and post-ratification of WHO FCTC: Current challenges and future directions. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 2019; 17:13. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31582924/
82. Standards Organisation of Nigeria. Standards for tobacco and tobacco products - Specifications for cigarette. 2018. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/files/live/Nigeria/Nigeria%20-%20NIS%204632018%20-%20national.pdf.
83. Antigua and Barbuda Tobacco Control Act 2018, 2018, The Official Gazette Vol. XXXVIII No.No. 69. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/antigua-and-barbuda/cigarette-contents?row=1240029.
84. Tobacco Control Laws. Legislation by country: Brazil. Regulated contents in cigarettes. 2019. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/country/brazil/cd-regulated.
85. Oliveira da Silva AL, Bialous SA, Albertassi PGD, Arquete D, Fernandes A, et al. The taste of smoke: tobacco industry strategies to prevent the prohibition of additives in tobacco products in Brazil. Tobacco Control, 2019; 28(e2):e92-e101. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31152115/
86. Government of Canada. Order amending the schedule to the tobacco act (menthol). Canada Gazette, 2017. Available from: https://canadagazette.gc.ca/rp-pr/p2/2017/2017-04-05/html/sor-dors45-eng.html.
87. Chaiton MO, Cunningham R, Hagen L, Dubray J, and Borland T. Taking global leadership in banning menthol and other flavours in tobacco: Canada's experience. Tobacco Control, 2022; 31(2):202-11. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35241589/
88. Flavour bans on tobacco products in Canada and selected other jurisdictions. Regulatory update: Physicians for a Smoke-Free Canada, 2020. Available from: https://www.smoke-free.ca/SUAP/2020/Menthol%20bans.pdf.
89. Tobacco Tactics. Flavoured and menthol tobacco. 2022. Available from: https://tobaccotactics.org/wiki/flavoured-and-menthol-tobacco/#:~:text=The%20Ministry%20of%20Health%20in,an%20existing%20law%20in%202013.
90. Bach L. States & localities that have restricted the sale of flavored tobacco products. . Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, 2023. Available from: https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/assets/factsheets/0398.pdf.
91. Food & Drug Administration. FDA commits to evidence-based actions aimed at saving lives and preventing future generations of smokers. 2021. Available from: https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-commits-evidence-based-actions-aimed-saving-lives-and-preventing-future-generations-smokers.
92. Food & Drug Administration. Tobacco product standard for menthol in cigarettes. 2022. Available from: https://public-inspection.federalregister.gov/2022-08994.pdf.
93. FDA proposes rules prohibiting menthol cigarettes and flavored cigars to prevent youth initiation, significantly reduce tobacco-related disease and death. Food and Drug Administration, 2022. Available from: https://www.fda.gov/news-events/press-announcements/fda-proposes-rules-prohibiting-menthol-cigarettes-and-flavored-cigars-prevent-youth-initiation
94. Finland tightens tobacco laws. Tobacco reporter, 2022. Available from: https://tobaccoreporter.com/2022/05/03/finland-tightens-tobacco-laws/.
95. European Commission. Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 3 April 2014 on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning the manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products and repealing Directive 2001/37/EC., Document 32014L0040.Brussels, Belgium: European Commission, 2014. Available from: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=celex:32014L0040.
96. Monckton Chambers. Court of Justice confirms validity of the new Tobacco Products Directive and rejects challenges to e-cigarette provisions and menthol cigarettes ban. 2020. Available from: https://web.archive.org/web/20200309160444/https:/www.monckton.com/court-justice-confirms-validity-new-tobacco-products-directive-rejects-challenges-e-cigarette-provisions-menthol-cigarettes-ban/.
97. Tobacco Tactics. Menthol cigarettes: Industry interference in the EU and UK. 2021. Available from: https://tobaccotactics.org/wiki/menthol-interference-eu-uk/.
98. German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment. No more menthol in cigarettes and smoking tobacco. 2020. Available from: https://www.bfr.bund.de/en/press_information/2020/19/no_more_menthol_in_cigarettes_and_smoking_tobacco-246948.html.
99. Bundesverband der Tabakwirtschaft und neuartiger Erzeugnisse. Ingredients. Available from: https://www.bvte.de/en/themes/ingredients.html
100. Ciurcanu A and Cerantola A. Japan Tobacco International making a mint by circumventing menthol cigarette ban. OCCRP, 2022. Available from: https://www.occrp.org/en/investigations/japan-tobacco-international-making-a-mint-by-circumventing-menthol-cigarette-ban
101. Tobacco Control Legal Consortium. How other countries regulate flavored tobacco products. 2015. Available from: https://www.publichealthlawcenter.org/sites/default/files/resources/tclc-fs-global-flavored-regs-2015.pdf.
102. LAW OF UKRAINE. On amendments to certain laws of Ukraine on public health protection from harmful effects of tobacco. 2021. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/ukraine/cigarette-contents
103. Tobacco and related products regulations 2016 (S.I. 2016 No. 507). Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/england/cigarette-contents.
104. The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Prohibited tobacco products regulations, No. 1 of 2016, 2016. Available from: https://www.tobaccocontrollaws.org/legislation/sri-lanka/cigarette-contents?row=1227153.
105. Butler M. Speech by Health and Aged Care Minister Mark Butler 10th anniversary of tobacco plain packaging.: Australian Government, 2022. Available from: https://www.croakey.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/12/ButlerSpeechTobacco.pdf.
106. YLE News. Finland stubs out menthol cigarettes. 2020. Available from: https://yle.fi/a/3-11361532.
107. Bach L. States & localities that have restricted the sale of flavored tobacco products. . Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, 2022. Available from: https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/assets/factsheets/0398.pdf.
108. Pasha A and Silbert R. Fresh take: Pitfalls of the FDA's proposed menthol ban. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 2022; 50(1):60-6. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35244006/
109. Triad Business Journal. Lorillard suit accuses FDA panel of bias. 2011. Available from: https://www.bizjournals.com/triad/news/2011/02/25/lorillard-suit-accuses-fda-panel-of-bias.html.
110. Myers ML. Big win for kids: U.S. house approves bill to reverse youth E-cigarette epidemic, prohibit flavored tobacco products. Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, 2020. Available from: https://www.tobaccofreekids.org/press-releases/2020_02_28_pallone.
111. Gee RE. Shortcomings of the Food and Drug Administration guidance addressed by Congress 2020 HR 2339. American Journal of Public Health, 2020; 110(6):776-7. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32374703/
112. Glantz S. San Francisco passes landmark ban on sale of flavored tobacco products, including menthol. Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, 2017. Available from: https://tobacco.ucsf.edu/san-francisco-passes-landmark-ban-sale-flavored-tobacco-products-including-menthol
113. CNBC news. Supreme Court upholds California ban on flavored tobacco. 2022. Available from: https://www.cnbc.com/2022/12/12/supreme-court-upholds-california-ban-on-flavored-tobacco.html.
114. Chile: BAT to cease operations. Gama, 2015. Available from: http://www.gamaconsumer.com/chile-bat-to-cease-operations/.
115. Chaiton MO, Nicolau I, Schwartz R, Cohen JE, Soule E, et al. Ban on menthol-flavoured tobacco products predicts cigarette cessation at 1 year: a population cohort study. Tobacco Control, 2019. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31147474
116. Chung-Hall J, Fong GT, Meng G, Cummings KM, Hyland A, et al. Evaluating the impact of menthol cigarette bans on cessation and smoking behaviours in Canada: longitudinal findings from the Canadian arm of the 2016-2018 ITC Four Country Smoking and Vaping Surveys. Tobacco Control, 2021. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33820856
117. Chaiton M, Schwartz R, Cohen JE, Soule E, Zhang B, et al. Prior daily menthol smokers more likely to quit 2 years after a menthol ban than non-menthol smokers: A population cohort study. Nicotine & Tobacco Research, 2021; 23(9):1584-9. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33693745/
118. Fong GT, Chung-Hall J, Meng G, Craig LV, Thompson ME, et al. Impact of Canada's menthol cigarette ban on quitting among menthol smokers: pooled analysis of pre-post evaluation from the ITC Project and the Ontario Menthol Ban Study and projections of impact in the USA. Tobacco Control, 2022. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35483720
119. Stoklosa M. No surge in illicit cigarettes after implementation of menthol ban in Nova Scotia. Tobacco Control, 2018. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30309981
120. Kyriakos CN, Driezen P, Fong G, Chung-Hall J, Hyland A, et al. Impact of the European Union's menthol cigarette ban on smoking cessation outcomes: longitudinal findings from the 2020-2021 ITC Netherlands Surveys. Tobacco Control, 2022. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36163172
121. East KA, Reid JL, Burkhalter R, Kock L, Hyland A, et al. Evaluating the outcomes of the menthol cigarette ban in England by comparing menthol cigarette smoking among youth in England, Canada, and the US, 2018-2020. JAMA Network Open, 2022; 5(5):e2210029. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35503218
122. Levy DT, Pearson JL, Villanti AC, Blackman K, Vallone DM, et al. Modeling the future effects of a menthol ban on smoking prevalence and smoking-attributable deaths in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 2011; 101(7):1236-40. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21566034/
123. Li Y, Sisti J, Florez KR, Albrecht SS, Viswanath A, et al. Assessing the health and economic impact of a potential menthol cigarette ban in New York City: a modeling study. Journal of Urban Health, 2021. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34751902
124. Levy DT, Meza R, Yuan Z, Li Y, Cadham C, et al. Public health impact of a US ban on menthol in cigarettes and cigars: a simulation study. Tobacco Control, 2021. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34475258
125. Guillory J, Kim AE, Nonnemaker JM, Bradfield B, Taylor NH, et al. Effect of menthol cigarette and other menthol tobacco product bans on tobacco purchases in the RTI iShoppe virtual convenience store. Tobacco Control, 2019. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31167902
126. Asare S, Majmundar A, Westmaas JL, Bandi P, Xue Z, et al. Association of cigarette sales with comprehensive menthol flavor ban in Massachusetts. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2022. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34982100
127. Kingsley M, McGinnes H, Song G, Doane J, and Henley P. Impact of Massachusetts' statewide sales restriction on flavored and menthol tobacco products on tobacco sales in Massachusetts and surrounding states, June 2020. American Journal of Public Health, 2022; 112(8):1147-50. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35830660
128. Ali FRM, King BA, Seaman EL, Vallone D, and Schillo B. Impact of Massachusetts law prohibiting flavored tobacco products sales on cross-border cigarette sales. PloS One, 2022; 17(9):e0274022. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/36099316
129. Yang Y, Lindblom EN, Salloum RG, and Ward KD. The impact of a comprehensive tobacco product flavor ban in San Francisco among young adults. Addictive behaviors reports, 2020; 11:100273. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32368612/
130. Gammon DG, Rogers T, Gaber J, Nonnemaker JM, Feld AL, et al. Implementation of a comprehensive flavoured tobacco product sales restriction and retail tobacco sales. Tobacco Control, 2021. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34088881
131. Czaplicki L, Cohen JE, Jones MR, Clegg Smith K, Rutkow L, et al. Compliance with the City of Chicago's partial ban on menthol cigarette sales. Tobacco Control, 2018. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29853559
132. Borland T, D'Souza SA, O'Connor S, Chaiton MO, and Schwartz R. Is blue the new green? Repackaging menthol cigarettes in response to a flavour ban in Ontario, Canada. Tobacco Control, 2018. Available from: https://tobaccocontrol.bmj.com/content/tobaccocontrol/early/2018/10/30/tobaccocontrol-2018-054454.full.pdf
133. Chaiton MO, Schwartz R, Cohen JE, Soule E, Zhang B, et al. The use of flavour cards and other additives after a menthol ban in Canada. Tobacco Control, 2020. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32709606
134. Dance S and Evans-Reeves K. Menthol: Tobacco Companies are exploiting loopholes in the UK’s characterising flavours ban. Tobacco Control Blog, 2021. Available from: https://blogs.bmj.com/tc/2021/05/05/menthol-tobacco-companies-are-exploiting-loopholes-in-the-uks-characterising-flavours-ban/
135. Hiscock R, Silver K, Zatonski M, and Gilmore AB. Tobacco industry tactics to circumvent and undermine the menthol cigarette ban in the UK. Tobacco Control, 2020. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32418921
136. Glantz S. RJR promotes “ice” cigarettes to get around Calif flavored tobacco sales ban. Stanton Glantz Blog, 2022. Available from: https://profglantz.com/2022/11/14/rjr-promotes-ice-cigarettes-to-get-around-calif-flavored-tobacco-sales-ban/
137. Jewett C and Baumgaertner E. R.J. Reynolds Pivots to New Cigarette Pitches as Flavor Ban Takes Effect. New York: New York Times, 2023. Available from: https://www.nytimes.com/2023/01/11/health/cigarettes-flavor-ban-california.html?searchResultPosition=1.
138. Glantz S. Escape from menthol regulation., 2022. Available from: https://profglantz.files.wordpress.com/2022/11/escape-from-menthol-regulation.pdf.
139. Sóñora G, Reynales-Shigematsu LM, Barnoya J, Llorente B, Szklo AS, et al. Achievements, challenges, priorities and needs to address the current tobacco epidemic in Latin America. Tobacco Control, 2022; 31(2):138-41. Available from: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35241577/